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Taiwan: general information
The island of Taiwan with population of about 25 million of people is separated from the continent by the Taiwan straights, is washed by South China Sea from the south, by East China Sea from the north, and directly by Pacific Ocean from the east.
In terms of administrative division this island is the province of China. But which China it remains questionnable. The continental administration thinks it belongs to the People's Republic of China; the Taiwanese administration considers it as a part of the Republic of China.
In fact, the state in Taiwan is called the Republic of China (中華民國) which counts from 1911, directly from Shinhai Revolution. By now it is officially recognized by very few countries; the rest of world prefers having diplomatic relations with the People's Republic of China instead of the Republic of China. On economics' side, Taiwan has contacts worldwide.
The major part of Taiwan's population belongs to ethnic Han, more commonly known as Chinese. There is a very little part of aboriginal people with Polynesian roots. The state language is guoyu (國語), almost identical to putonghua in PRC. In everyday life different groups of population use guoyu and some dialects of Chinese, namely Taiwanese and Hakka. In economics, there is a demand for the knowledge of English and Japanese.
Currency unit is New Taiwanese yuan (dollar) (新台幣 xintaibi) with the rate of NT$33 to US$1.
© Dmitry Alemasov
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